Heavy haulage transport is a branch of transportation many companies uses to move heavy building equipment, vehicles, and specialised items that are impossible to dissemble. Heavy haulage transport is a demanding branch of transportation, and the most important issue to consider when doing it safely is to make sure the load is appropriately fastened to the vehicle. Considering the way you're positioning and fastening your load can spare your vehicle of unnecessary strain, keep you safe, and also keep other users of the road safe while you're driving.
Choosing a vehicle
One of the main things to consider carrying a load safely is what type of vehicle you're using. A flatbed truck is a common vehicle used to haul heavy carriage, as it can lift your load off the ground without you having to do any manual labour. This makes loading the truck easier as you can place the load safely already when it's on the ground, instead of having to climb the truck to try and position it there. Another common vehicle is an articulated lorry, which is longer than a flatbed truck, if the material you're transporting is bulky rather than heavy. To safely place it on the truck, however, you'll need a precision crane to position it properly.
Place it in the front
You should place the load as far in the front of the vehicle as possible; preferably all the way up against the headboard, as this will stop your load from moving forward from the large forces created when you are forced to press the brakes. If the heavy load isn't able to move forward, it won't press up against the driver's cabin with any additional force than what's already applied when you are braking.
Securing the load
To secure the load, you need to make sure you're using equipment strong enough to withstand the whole weight of the load even when it's moving. If your load isn't sensitive, you could use chains, as these often are stronger than other types of material used for the same purpose. Make sure to tie more chords or chains on the backside of the load, as the headboard will help with securing the load on the front. If the material is uneven in its shape or has things sticking out of it, you should also opt for using a security net, to make sure the material is holding together to not affect the sight of other drivers on the road.